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Table 2 Summary of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) comparing the experimental and control groups pre-test in reading comprehension

From: The effectiveness of instructional software in reading comprehension skills and reading aloud of Omani fourth basic schools’ students

Source Read. Comp. Items SS MS F (1, 103) p
Group Understand content 0.029 0.029 0.409 0.524
Realize the temporal and locative arrangement 0.057 0.057 0.722 0.397
Distinguish between compact and pronounced article ‘lam’ 0.142 0.142 1.181 0.280
Recognize end of words extension ‘med’ and formation ‘tanween’ 0.751 0.751 10.250 0.002
Differentiate between folded and normal letter ‘Taa’ 0.042 0.042 0.361 0.549
Reading comprehension 0.155 0.155 5.747 0.018
Error Understand content 7.512 0.072   
Realize the temporal and locative arrangement 8.309 0.079   
Distinguish between compact and pronounced article ‘lam’ 12.594 0.120   
Recognize end of words extension ‘med’ and formation ‘tanween’ 7.692 0.073   
Differentiate between folded and normal letter ‘Taa’ 12.185 0.116   
Reading comprehension 2.831 0.027