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Table 3 Specific managerial skills

From: The contribution of virtual enterprises to competence-based learning: an assessment from the students’ perspective: Case study

Variables Gender: Women Gender: Men Wilcoxon test Economic activity: Food and beverage Economic activity: ICT Wilcoxon test Total mean Total SD
Mean SD Mean SD W Mean SD Mean SD W
S1. Contributing/helping to reach the goals of a company 3.513 0.970 3.514 0.961 703.5 3.179 1.123 3.800 0.761 291* 3.513 0.959
S2. Managing a company 3.590 0.910 3.595 0.927 725.5 3.357 1.062 3.767 0.679 330 3.592 0.912
S3. Improving the competitive position of a company 3.231 1.012 3.676 0.818 514.5* 3.393 1.031 3.733 0.828 355.5 3.447 0.944
S4. Designing and developing strategies for a company 3.333 0.982 3.784 0.672 524* 3.536 0.881 3.600 0.855 398.5 3.553 0.870
S5. Providing managerial advice 3.103 0.995 3.486 0.768 584 3.071 0.940 3.467 0.819 307+ 3.289 0.907
S6. Managing managerial risks 3.153 0.844 3.297 0.909 643 3.000 0.903 3.267 0.785 359 3.224 0.873
S7. Adopting different managerial/business roles 3.256 0.993 3.541 0.803 608.5 3.393 0.956 3.467 0.973 409 3.395 0.910
S8. Planning management projects 3.410 1.019 3.757 0.796 596.5 3.393 0.832 3.767 1.040 322 3.579 0.928
S9. Understanding management concepts 3.487 0.914 3.757 0.796 622 3.536 0.922 3.833 0.747 349.5 3.618 0.864
S10. Understanding management theories 3.385 0.963 3.486 1.070 685 3.357 1.162 3.567 0.898 377.5 3.434 1.011
S11. Processing and analyzing financial information and data 3.410 0.993 3.541 1.016 681 3.393 1.031 3.433 1.006 425 3.474 0.999
S12. Understanding the role and functions of different economic agents 3.718 0.944 3.730 0.932 707.5 3.536 1.105 3.900 0.662 361 3.724 0.932
S13. Identifying and dealing with relevant economic information sources 3.538 0.884 3.486 0.731 787.5 3.393 0.685 3.467 0.860 383 3.513 0.808
S14. Integrating ethics in organizational decisions 3.179 0.756 3.541 1.043 538.5* 3.143 1.079 3.400 0.814 369 3.355 0.919
S15. Being capable of drawing up a financial statement? 3.077 1.010 3.333 0.944 610 3.179 1.020 3.138 1.110 420.5 3.2 0.981
S16. Being capable of analyzing a financial statement? 3.282 1.050 3.278 1.072 716 3.071 1.120 3.310 1.088 346 3.28 1.054
S17. Being capable of developing budget control? 3.342 1.261 3.556 0.896 633.5 3.296 1.076 3.379 1.128 355.5 3.446 1.099
S18. Being capable of developing a marketing plan? 3.128 1.031 3.568 0.728 545* 3.393 0.875 3.233 1.073 452 3.342 0.917
S19. Being capable of developing a communication plan on a company? 3.205 0.923 3.622 0.721 525.5* 3.143 0.756 3.600 0.968 297.5* 3.408 0.851
S20. Being capable to deal with the administration related to human resources? 3.462 1.097 3.676 0.884 648 3.393 1.133 3.700 0.877 372 3.566 0.998
S21. Being capable to deal with the administration related to social security and payment of workers? 3.333 1.108 3.486 0.989 662 3.214 1.101 3.500 1.075 364.5 3.408 1.048
  1. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, +p < 0.1